10.1. Glossary


Aids and appliances

Devices which improve or replace the claimant’s impaired physical or mental function


A person appointed deal with the benefits of someone who cannot manage their own affairs, or for a child under 16.


Support that requires the presence and physical intervention of another person to help the claimant complete the activity


Benefit cap

A limit on the total amount of benefit a household can receive. Clients who are in the Support Group or receive the Daily Living component of PIP


The DWP’s submissions as to why the appeal should not be allowed, including all relevant evidence regarding the claim. .


Disability Premiums

Additional components added to a client’s ESA/JSA/IS entitlement as a result of meeting certain criteria, usually including entitlement to certain rates of PIP. For people on ESA, the most common premiums are the Severe Disability Premium and the Enhanced Disability Premium.


Disability living allowance is a disability benefit. It is now being replaced by PIP for clients over 16. Claims


Effective date

For clients who have transferred from DLA to PIP, the original decision date is not the same as the date that money will be backdated to. This is because DLA will usually continue to be paid for 28 days after the PIP award was stopped.



The health care professional who assessed the client in the medical assessment


Job Seeking requirements

One condition of entitlement to JSA is that you are ‘actively seeking employment’. No JSA is payable unless you satisfy this condition.


Job Seeker’s Allowance is a benefit for people who are unemployed and looking for work. 



Limited capability for work. This means that the client would be in the Work-related activity group.


Limited capability for work-related activity. This means that the client would be in the Support Group.



Mandatory Reconsideration Notice, the response from the DWP after the client asks for a mandatory reconsideration.


Overwhelming psychological distress

Distress related to a mental health condition or intellectual or cognitive impairment which results in a severe anxiety state in which the symptoms are so severe that the person is unable to function



Support provided by another person by reminding or encouraging a claimant to undertake or complete a task or explaining it to them but not physically helping them. to apply, this only needs to be required for part of the activity



Being able to repeat the activity as often as is reasonably required



In a manner unlikely to cause harm to themselves or to another person, either during or after completion of the activity


A temporary reduction or suspension to a client’s benefit entitlement, for instance if they did not attend work focussed interviews or fulfill their job seeking requirements. Clients on JSA and ESA WRAG can be sanctioned, but clients in the Support Group can not.


The SSCS1 form is the application form used to lodge an appeal.


 A need for the continuous presence of another person for the purpose of ensuring the claimant’s safety to avoid a harm occurring

Support Group

Clients placed in the support group are not expected to fulful any job seeking requirements, nor any work-related activities.


Work focussed interviews

In a manner unlikely to cause harm to themselves or to another person, either during or after completion of the activity

Work-related activity

Activities that the DWP thinks will improve a client’s chances of working in the future. Examples of these are usually listed in the ESA bundle.


Work related activity group- Clients are placed in this group if they have a health condition meaning they would be unable to work, but who may be able to re-enter the workforce with additional support

Last updated on February 22nd, 2019 at 04:37 pm